Interventional Radiology

 

 

Overview

At Shri Gangacharan Aryawardhan Hospital Interventional Radiology is a Specialty which provides minimally invasive image-guided diagnosis and treatment of disease. Although the range of procedures performed by interventional radiologists is broad, the unifying concept behind these procedures is the application of image guidance and minimally invasive techniques in order to minimize risk to the patient. SGAH is a only center of Western Uttar Pradesh having this Ultra Modern Department

Team

We have team of Super Specialized Doctors and Trained Staff  which are 24*7 dedicated to provide World Class Diagnostic and Therapeutic Treatment Facilites.

Services

DIAGNOSTIC

  • Angiography: Imaging the blood vessels to look for abnormalities with the use of various contrast media, including iodinated contrast, gadolinium based agents, and CO2 gas.
  • Cholangiography: Imaging the bile ducts within the liver to look for areas of blockage.
  • Biopsy: Taking of a tissue sample from the area of interest for pathological examination from a percutaneous or transvenous approach.

THERAPEUTIC

Vascular

  • Balloon angioplasty/stent: Opening of narrow or blocked blood vessels using a balloon, with or without placement of metallic stents to aid in keep vessel patent.
  • Endovascular aneurysm repair: Placement of endovascular stent-graft across an aneurysm, in order to prevent expansion or progression of the defective vessel.
  • Embolization: Placement of a metallic coil or embolic substance (gel-foam, poly-vinyl alcohol) to block blood through to a blood vessel, either to stop bleeding or decrease blood flow to a target organ or tissue.
    • Uterine artery embolization (UAE) or uterine fibroid embolization (UFE)
    • Prostate artery embolization (PAE)
  • Thrombolysis: Catheter-directed technique for dissolving blood clots, such as pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis) with either pharmaceutical (TPA) or mechanical means.
  • IVC filters: Metallic filters placed in the vena cava to prevent propagation of deep venous thrombus.
  • Dialysis related interventions: Placement of tunneled hemodialysis catheters, peritoneal dialysis catheters, and revision/thrombolysis of poorly functioning surgically placed AV fistulas and grafts.
  • TIPS: Placement of a Transjugular Intrahepatic Porto-systemic Shunt (TIPS) for select indications in patients with critical end-stage liver disease and portal hypertension.
  • Endovenous laser treatment of varicose veins: Placement of thin laser fiber in varicose veins for non-surgical treatment of venous insufficiency.

Biliary intervention

  • Placement of catheters in the biliary system to bypass biliary obstructions and decompress the biliary system.
  • Placement of permanent indwelling biliary stents.
  • Cholecystostomy: Placement of a tube into the gallbladder to remove infected bile in patients with cholecystitis, an inflammation of the gallbladder, who are too frail or too sick to undergo surgery.

Catheter placement

  • Central venous catheter placement: Vascular access and management of intravenous devices (IVs), including both tunneled and non-tunneled catheters (e.g. PIC, Hickman, port catheters, hemodialysis catheters, translumbar and transhepatic venous lines).
  • Drainage catheter placement: Placement of tubes to drain pathologic fluid collections (e.g., abscess, pleural effusion). This may be achieved by percutaneous, trans-rectal, or trans-vaginal approach. Exchange or repositioning of indwelling catheters is achieved over a guidewire under image guidance.
  • Radiologically inserted gastrostomy or jejunostomy : Placement of a feeding tube percutaneously into the stomach and/or jejunum.

Ablative

  • Chemoembolization: combined injection of chemotherapy and embolic agents into the arterial blood supply of a tumor, with the goal of both local administration of chemotherapy, slowing “washout” of the chemotherapy drug, and also decreasing tumor arterial supply.
  • Radioembolization: combined injection of radioactive glass or plastic beads and embolic agents into the arterial blood supply of a tumor, with the goal of both local administration of radiotherapy, slowing “washout” of the radioactive substance, and also decreasing tumor arterial supply.
  • Radiofrequency ablation (RF/RFA): local treatment which uses a special catheter to destroy tissue by using heat generated by medium frequency alternating currents.
  • Cryoablation: local treatment which uses a special catheter to destroy tissue by using cold temperature generated by rapid expansion of compressed argon gas. This technique is mostly used for the treatment of small renal cancers and for the palliation of painful bone lesions.
  • Microwave ablation: local treatment which uses a special catheter to destroy tissue by using heat generated by microwaves.

Genitourinary

  • Percutaneous nephrostomy or nephroureteral stent placement: Placement of a catheter through the skin, directly into the kidney in order to drain from the collecting system. This is typically done to treat a downstream obstruction of urine.
  • Ureteral stent exchange: indwelling double-J type ureteral stents, typically placed by urologist using cystoscopy, may be exchanged in retrograde fashion through the female urethra. The IR uses a thin wire snare under fluoroscopy to capture the distal portion of the stent. After partially extracting the distalmost stent, exchange for a new stent can be accomplished over a guidewire.

Pain management

  • Vertebroplasty: Percutaneous injection of biocompatible bone cement inside a fractured spinal vertebrae in order to restore vertebral body height and relieve pain.

Infrastructure

  • Equipped with State of Art Ultramodern DSA Cath Lab
  • Multi Slice CT Scan Machine
  • Ultrasound Machine
  • TEE
  • Modular Operation Theater